Students begin the unit by setting up a terrarium in which they grow grass, mustard, and alfalfa plants. They then add crickets and isopods. They also set up an aquarium into which they introduce snails, guppies, elodea, algae, and duckweed.
By connecting the terrarium and aquarium bottles to create an “ecocolumn,” students are able to observe the relationship between the two environments and the organisms living within them. Using test ecocolumns that contain only plants, students simulate the effects of pollutants—such as road salt, fertilizer, and acid rain—on an environment.
Students then use a food chain wheel to make inferences about the effects these pollutants might have on their own miniature ecosystems.
Later, students read about, explore, and discuss the Chesapeake Bay as a model ecosystem. They analyze this ecosystem from the viewpoint of various users—-waterman, dairy farmer, land developer, recreational boater, and resident—-and present their findings to the class. This activity enables students to appreciate the trade-offs that must be made to reach mutually acceptable solutions to environmental problems.
CIBL has developed three supplementary activities to explore the interdependence of plants and animals in an ecosystem.
Publisher: STC (Science and Technology for Children), Carolina Biological Supply Company
North Carolina State Standards
5.L.2 Understand the interdependence of plants and animals with their ecosystem.
- 5.L.2.1 Compare the characteristics of several common ecosystems, including estuaries and salt marshes, oceans, lakes and ponds, forests, and grasslands.
- 5.L.2.2 Classify the organisms within an ecosystem according to the function they serve: producers, consumers, or decomposers (biotic factors).
- 5.L.2.3 Infer the effects that may result from the interconnected relationship of plants and animals to their ecosystem.